Following tooth extraction, the process of bone resorption starts. During the first year, some 25% of the initial volume of the bone is lost where that tooth was lost, then the process continues, but at a slower rate. if we wish to insert a dental implant in that region, bone artificial addition will become mandatory as the stability of a dental implant requires certain a height and thickness of the bone where the implant will be placed.
Addition and implant placement can be performed in the same session provided the circumstances allow for such a procedure. It can be made to remedy some small defects on condition that there is no local infection. When performed in stages, the artificial bone addition is performed first; integration generally takes several months, and then the implant placement can be performed.
Bone augmentation is a complex procedure yielding good predictable results. As with any other surgical dental intervention, local anaesthetic is used. After surgery, patients should observe the treatment which includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, and painkillers, and for fast healing of the gum, disinfectants and cicatrising medication.